If you grew up in the 80s and 90s, you know that we were taught to believe that each person can single-handedly save the environment by recycling. It was no mistake that kid’s shows like Captain Planet and The Smoggies were handing the heavy weight of saving the world to the next generation. Through these shows and school programs, Generation Y and older Millenials grew up with a focus on Reduce Reuse Recycle being the clear path to saving the planet. But along the way, someone failed the mention that while Recycling might be the easiest ‘R’ to incorporate into our lives, it’s actually the least impactful.
What Happens To Our Recycling?
Your household, like many others, probably takes the time to separate out your bottles, cans and paper goods into the recycling box. But after you rush to get it to the curb on time, where does it actually go? Recycling brings to mind images of glass being smashed, melted and turned into new glass. Stock footage we’ve been exposed to since this infamous episode of Sesame Street first explained recycling to us as children. And while that does happen to some lucky bottles, would it shock you to know that only 7-10% of the items you throw in the recycling (especially plastics) actually end up there? “And the rest?” you ask. The landfill.
How We’re Recycling Wrong
Are you the person that scrubs out the greasy film from the cream cheese container before throwing it in the recycling or the person who tosses it in with a scoop too small for a sandwich still left inside? Do you check your plastics for a recycling logo before tossing it in or do you assume all plastics are recyclable? It’s not uncommon for up to 25% percent of what goes into the recycling bin to be either contaminated or not recyclable in the first place. The cost of sorting out non-recyclables and cleaning contaminated items is simply too high, so, unfortunately, entire batches of recycling wind up heading to the landfill instead. If you’re a perfectionist when it comes to cleaning your recycling, keep up the good work!
But Wait, Doesn’t China Buy Our Recycling?
Not anymore. After decades of purchasing a huge portion of the West’s plastic recyclables, China has put an end to being the country that cleans up our mess. And they’ve got some serious messes of their own to consider. China announced the National Sword policy, banning plastic waste from being imported, in July 2017, and the ban officially began January 1, 2018. This came following the release of a documentary called Plastic China, which shed some pretty uncomfortable light on the hazardous implications of the prevalent ‘unofficial’ recycling centers in China. Coincidence? Probably not. Now China is making moves to shut down informal recycling plants and build better, safer and more efficient recycling systems for their own growing waste problem. So, our recycling is back to being our own costly problem.
Was Captain Planet Wrong?
Yes and no. Recycling is a lot better for our conscience than it is for our planet or the economy. We recycle because we’re told to recycle. That it’s the right thing to do. But if it’s all a performance and those bottles don’t actually get melted down and turned into new bottles, then what’s the answer?
Should you take all the recyclables in your home and throw them in the trash can? Absolutely not! But should you make an effort to focus on ways to reduce, reuse and altogether refuse to use plastic? You bet! When the Planeteers would join their rings to summon Captain Planet, he would remind us all that “The power is yours!”. And while that may have ended up being a little more complicated than tossing a greasy pizza box in the recycling and calling yourself an environmentalist, the message remains the same. We each hold the power to make an environmental impact. And if not with our recyclables, then with our wallets and our voices, our votes, and our habits.
Very good point, Najat! In the 70’s I remember not a lot of plastic and even then my family would reuse the plastic containers. For as long as we could. Freezing veggies went into plastic and those containers were reused again and again. During the 80’s it was as if recycling and reusing were a waste of time and so many families I met just put it in the trash. When you told them ‘there is no away’ they would laugh at you. Today in America, it is a hard fought battle to get people to understand the need to not create trash. Even with all the evidence of the destruction plastic waste creates.