How Long Does it Really Take Plastic to Decompose?

How long Does it really take plastic to decompose?!

For 20 years I have avoided this question because I knew the answer would destroy my favourite post kayaking tradition - eating 100lbs of hand cut fries covered in squeeky Quebec cheese curds and smothered in thick, dark gravy.  If you’re not familiar, this French Canadian delicacy is known as Poutine.

And it’s amazing.

And the absolute best Poutine is found at roadside chip trucks that serve said poutine in a plastic styrofoam container, with a plastic lid, in a plastic bag with a plastic fork and disposable napkin.

And when you’ve spent the 5 whole minutes it takes to eat this God given treat, the container, lid, bag and fork end up in an overflowing garbage can where it will be trucked to a landfill  - not a recycling plant - and sit and sit and sit for 100 years, 1,000 years… forever?

So you can understand why I didn’t really want to know how long it takes plastic to biodegrade because the truth would render this joyful activity a little less so - until... I couldn’t really avoid it (check out our story for more on my ‘awakening’).

But I figured if I could face the truth about plastic, you could too.

And here’s the thing - decomposition, compostability, biodegradability - is largely dependent on microbes, tiny organisms that are invisible to the naked eye.  Despite their teenie size, these guys play an enormous role in cleaning up our planet, but because plastic is made up of compounds that don’t naturally occur in nature, microbes turn their nose up at plastic, they simply won’t eat it.   

Plastic does not decompose... ever!

Which means, according to Popular Science, plastic does not decompose, biodegrade or compost, rather it just breaks down into smaller and smaller plastic pieces.

"Plastics don't biodegrade like organic matter, which means they can't be converted by living organisms into useful compounds for life. Instead, they photodegrade, a process by which photons from the sun's rays pulverize the plastic polymers until they are broken into individual molecules." (Popular Science)

And this is why there are huge masses of plastic floating around our Oceans (some Scientists like Ellen MacArthur even believe that by 2050 there will be more plastic in our oceans than fish) and lakes, clogging our landfills and even leaching toxins into our water table.

Great, so microbes can’t eat plastic, therefore plastic is bad, right?


Ish you say?  What’s this ish… please explain.  

Well, you see, plastic’s inability to biodegrade is definitely problematic, but just how problematic depends on its use - and reuse - because the term plastic refers to everything from the steering wheel of your car to the grocery bag you used to drag home those delicious organic berries (and that 10 pound sack of cheesies).

In fact, some would argue that the plastic used in car manufacturing actually provides a net benefit to the environment because it is lighter than steel and makes cars more fuel efficient and therefore burns less fossil fuels.

Grocery bags, plastic wrap, sandwich bags, ziplock bags and produce bags are more troubling because they are typically used once - maybe twice - and then discarded, where - as previously established - they will wind up in a landfill or somewhere out in the wilderness where they will never biodegrade.  

And this begs the question that we - the consumers - must face.  Is the ease of use of plastics like grocery bags, styrofoam containers or disposable forks really worth the cost?  

Now you know that those single use plastics cannot decompose, what are you going to do about it?

While you're here, check out our Plastic Free Club and join a like-minded community that helps our team and other members to do more to go plastic free?

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  • Short movie (~40sec) on how long does it really take plastic to decompose

    Gaby on
  • Thank you for all you do to enlighten the masses! Keep up the good work! Have you tried Chico Bags from Chico CA? They were invented because Chico and other California cities realized how polluted our oceans are getting. The hold up to 27 pounds and I have had mine for over 15 years!

    cheri roshon on
  • I love your wraps . one suggestion if you can’t make them clear then some way to write on them to tell what is inside. Oil pencil maybe?

    Jeannine Gravem on
  • I was recently tested for all types of toxins from glyphosate to heavy metals. What surprised me was the high level of plastics in my body, particularly styrofoam. I never, ever use styrofoam, never microwave anything using plastic and only use it to cover lids or encase produce in the refrigerator. Now, I’m in the process of ridding my cabinets of all plastic storage containers and just bought an alternative product from Etee which will replace any future plastic needs. I’m aghast at the level of plastics in our environment and in my own body. We can take steps individually, but it feels overwhelming when major oil companies and most governments refuse to take any steps to clean up our home, wildlife, resources and ocean life while making untold profits on the death of our planet. Where will they spend their gains when there’s no safe and clean place left to live?

    Diane Cartwright on
  • i was told that plastic made of hemp oil does decompose, if it IS true, this is an answer for use but not for clean up in our oceans, which is one of the Earth’s biggest problems. Paul Stamets n other mycologists have successfully employed mushroom mycellium to remediate oil spills, cigarette butts n plastics for riparians zones. your product n their work PLUS our commitment can restore our land. hopefully a new generation of scientists will be able to solve theses issues and restore the oceans n animals so close to collapse.

    yara on
  • At you will find a comprehensive how-to resource for banning plastic bags, polystyrene and other plastics in local communities. It draws resources and best practices from over 60 towns and cities in Massachusetts and elsewhere who have banned plastic bags. It includes fact sheets, Powerpoint presentations, sample legislation, citizen guides and more. You can join their google group to connect with similar “plastic warriors.”

    Carolyn Platt on
  • Can you develop a interactive website that helps expand the conversation about how to tackle the overwhelming plastic pollution on earth. After watching the plastic ocean I as I am sure many people were overwhelmed. I was interested to see the comment above on “ and other NGO websites focusing on this issue”. It would be great to continue this conversation to develop a comprehensive plan to address this plastic issue wherever people live and across the world as I believe a world community can solve this problem but we need structure and hope. Thank you

    Carolynn Macallister on
  • I bring my own plastic containers to restaurant meals in case I have leftovers to take home. I’m only one person, but as an individual I feel I’ve used quite a bit less plastic over the years…hopefully those who see this will pick up the tip if they don’t already.

    K on
  • I learned about how plastic breaks down when I read about the Pacific gyre. “They say” that we all have so many parts plastic in us as the broken down plastic molecules invade our water table and our food sources.

    Lauren Jones on
  • Great article. Learned our plastics are now found in the fish I eat.
    I am a big reuser, a big recycler and a big eco-centre fan for other waste.
    I have some of your kitche beeswax wrap alternatives. Good but… can you make them transparent to we can see what is in the container ?

    judi on

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